- What is arthrosis?
It is an inflammatory and degenerative disease of the joints caused by the wear of the cartilage that covers them.
It can affect anyone, but it is more common in women, elderly and overweight patients.
The knees are one of the joints most affected by the arthrosis due to the impact they bear.
- How can it be caused?
It can be secondary to trauma such as those caused by high-performance sports, sudden impact on the site or accidents. It may also appear in some patients with diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and obesity.
There are some factors that can increase the risk for osteoarthritis, such as old age and female gender.
- What are the symptoms?
The first to appear and the main one is PAIN, felt in the knees when walking or during the practice of physical exercises. Crepitations and knee swellings can also be felt.
- How can it be prevented?
Physical exercises performed correctly and under supervision, weight control and healthy eating.
- What is the treatment?
The main and fundamental point is to prevent some risk factors such as obesity, improper exercise and inadequate eating.
Physical therapy, viscosupplementation and the use of specific insoles are also part of the treatment, and are meant to alleviate symptoms and prevent the progression of the disease.
For more advanced cases, surgical treatment may be necessary through knee prostheses and osteotomies.