- What is the meniscus?
It is a fibrocartilaginous structure in the shape of a half moon, with rubber-like consistency. It lies between the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (leg bone). It has the function of cushioning the impact on the knee when walking or performing physical activity to protect the knee cartilage.
- How can it suffer a lesion?
It can be injured during sports, knee twists or simply during walking in the elderly or obese.
- Is it necessary to have surgery whenever it is injured?
In most cases where the meniscus is injured and causes pain, surgical treatment will be necessary.
- How is the surgery performed?
Surgery is performed through arthroscopy. Two small incisions are made at the knee to allow entry of camera and surgical instruments for operation. The entire surgical procedure lasts an average of 25 minutes.
- Is the surgery too painful?
No. In the first few days after surgery, patients are given prophylactic analgesic medications, that is, they should be taken before any nuisance can be felt.
- What kind of anesthesia is used?
Spinal anesthesia. Anesthesia performed in the back region. It is the same used in cesarean sections.
- Will I need to be hospitalized?
On the day of surgery, the patient must attend the Hospital for hospitalization. After the procedure, we recommend a stay of approximately 5 more hours for observation. After this period, if there is no impediment, the patient may be discharged with instructions and a scheduled follow-up to the doctor’s office.
- What are the scars?
In most cases, surgery is performed through 2 small incisions in the knee, approximately 1cm each. Scars usually become barely noticeable after a few months if all recommendations are followed.
- What care will I need to take after the surgery?
- Rest for 2 days from work activities;
- Gradual onset of physical activity after 15 days;
- There are no restrictions on walking
- Do not sunbathe the scars until they are completely clear.