- Why is obesity a risk to the knees?
The knee is one of the joints of our body that suffers most from our body being overweight, because it supports high loads. Both the portion of contact between the femur (thigh bone) and the kneecap (knee bone) and between the femur and the leg bones are major points of weight support for standing or performing physical activities.
- What is the main knee injury in obese people?
It is the lesion of the knee cartilage, which can progress to arthrosis.
Osteoarthritis is an inflammatory and degenerative disease of the joints caused by the wear and tear of the cartilage that covers them. The knees are one of the joints most affected by the arthrosis due to the impact they bear.
- How can symptoms appear?
Generally, the first symptom to appear and that makes the patient look for an orthopedist is the pain. Pain begins during physical exercise. It may or may not be associated with swelling, cracking, cracking sensation in the knees or movement restrictions.
- What should be the care of the knees in obese patients?
It is very common for people who are overweight to start trying to lose weight by practicing high-impact physical exercises like running and soccer. But this is dangerous! High impact activities already have harmful potential; if there is excess weight, the load that the knees will bear will be excessively high and the lesions may appear.
- Which exercises are recommended for those who want to lose weight?
First, it is important to try weight reduction through physical exercises with a smaller impact, like water aerobics, swimming and bodybuilding; in addition to healthy eating. Subsequently, after reaching the ideal weight and muscle strengthening, high impact activities can be started progressively, according to each case.